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By George O. Liber

This e-book analyzes the precarious dating among Soviet legitimacy construction and the implications of fast business improvement within the Ukranian Soviet Socialist Republic throughout the Twenties and Nineteen Thirties. George Liber strains the influence of quick city development at the implementation of Soviet preferential regulations, korenizatsiia. He indicates how the interaction between industrialization, urbanization and korenizatsiia produced a latest, city Ukranian id, and he argues that this explains why the Stalinist management replaced its direction at the nationality query within the Thirties.

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Extra info for Soviet Nationality Policy, Urban Growth, and Identity Change in the Ukrainian SSR 1923-1934

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Most importantly, it sought the socialization of the land and its distribution among the peasants. The Ukrainian Socialist Revolutionaries derived their support from the poor and middle peasants and partly from the rural proletariat who identified their deteriorating economic conditions with national oppression. The UPSR attracted very few proponents in the cities. 38 During the election to the All-Russian Constituent Assembly in November 1917, the UPSR captured over 60 percent of the votes cast in the Ukraine.

And as its agrarian program was similar to that of the UPSR, the USDRP unintentionally became a Janus-like party: one face projected toward the cities, the other face - its true face - extended to the countryside. The non-Ukrainian and Russified Ukrainian urban population, however, did not recognize the authority of the Rada or its executive organ, the General Secretariat. The results of the elections to the city Dumas in the summer of 1917 and to the Constituent Assembly in November demonstrated the political impotence of the Ukrainian 18 Periphery and center movement in the urban areas.

This organization became the coordinating body for all Ukrainian activities, and attempted to win wide-scale political, social, and cultural rights for Ukrainians within the Ukraine from the Russian Provisional Government. During the spring and early summer of 1917, numerous Ukrainian cooperative, peasant, educational, military, and political congresses met in Kiev. These congresses confirmed the Rada's self-appointed mandate. In employing the term "the Ukraine," the Rada claimed jurisdiction over all Ukrainian activities in approximately a 200,000 square mile area that contained the provinces of Kiev, Podillia, Volhynia, Kharkov, Poltava, Chernihiv, Ekaterinoslav, Kherson, and Taurida, but excluded the Crimea.

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