Download Catholicism, Race and Empire: Eugenics in Portugal, by Richard Cleminson PDF

By Richard Cleminson

This monograph discusses Portuguese eugenics inside of a robust foreign historiographical comparative framework and situates it inside diverse local, medical and ideological kinds of eugenics within the comparable interval. the writer argues approximately 3 components that curtailed the improvement of eugenics in Portugal: the low point of institutionalization, Catholic competition and the conservative nature of the Salazar regime. The eugenic technology and flow used to be restricted to 3 relevant expressions: individualized reviews on psychological well-being, frequently from a biotypological standpoint; a specific stance on racial miscegenation in the context of the lifestyles of enormous colonies less than Portuguese rule; and a diffuse version of social hygiene, maternity care and puericulture. This ebook not just brings to mild an unstudied eugenics move; it additionally invitations the reader to re-think the kin among northern and southern varieties of eugenics, the function of faith, the dynamic nature of eugenics to find a house for its theories and the character of colonialism.

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Catholicism, Race and Empire: Eugenics in Portugal, 1900-1950

This monograph discusses Portuguese eugenics inside a robust overseas historiographical comparative framework and situates it inside diverse local, clinical and ideological kinds of eugenics within the related interval. the writer argues approximately 3 elements that curtailed the advance of eugenics in Portugal: the low point of institutionalization, Catholic competition and the conservative nature of the Salazar regime.

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28 António Augusto Mendes Corrêa, Resumo das Lições de Antropologia feitas pelo assistente, servindo de professor de cadeira, Oporto, Imprensa Portugueza, 1915, pp. 57–59. The lectures had been given during the academic year 1914–1915. 29 These debates were clearly ‘in the air’ in the early twentieth century, but, as shall be argued below, responded to an order of discourse that was different from that of eugenics. See [Miguel] Bombarda, ‘Degenerescencia das raças’, A Medicina Contemporanea, VII(32), 7 August 1904, pp.

Net/textos/461. For the broader context of the Ultimatum, see Estela Vieira, ‘Álvaro de Campos’s Ultimatum: An Old Recipe for a New Portuguese Poetics’, Luso-Brazilian Review, 47(2), 2010, pp. 120–134. indd 27 2014-08-04 13:54:24 CHAPTER II Nothing and no-one seemed to offer a solution to the decline of the nation. 3 He invites others to forget their pretentions for reform or revolution: ‘Move on, selfconvinced traditionalists, truly sincere anarchists, socialists who invoke their status as workers in order to cease work!

Pdf), last consulted 2 March 2011. indd 24 2014-08-04 13:54:23 Introduction the tensions around this new idea and the opposition of some sectors of the Catholic Church. The chapter also traces the separate emergence of the theory of biotypology in Portugal and its convergence with eugenics in the early 1930s. The internationalisation of thought on eugenics is assessed with respect to the reception of ideas across different scientific and professional groupings. Finally, the efforts made by University of Coimbra professor of anthropology Eusébio Tamagnini and others, under the auspices of the University, to make the Portuguese Society for the Study of Eugenics a reality up to 1933 are documented.

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