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By Thomas Benjamin

Chiapas, a nation in southern Mexico, burst into overseas information in January 1994. a number of thousand insurgents, given a voice within the communiques of Subcomandante Marcos, took regulate of the capital and different key cities and held the Mexican military and executive at bay for weeks. Proclaiming themselves the Zapatista military of nationwide Liberation, they captured either land and headlines. around the world, humans desired to recognize the reply to at least one query: why had revolutionaries taken over a Mexican kingdom? No different learn of Chiapas solutions that question as completely as does this publication. The rebellion and government's armed career of the kingdom are however the newest violent episodes in a area that's now and has constantly been a wealthy land labored via bad humans. by means of learning the impoverishment of the laboring classification in Chiapas, Benjamin addresses how the Chiapan elite survived the Revolution of 1910 and stay in command of the state's improvement and future. extra truly than a person else, Benjamin indicates in his new ultimate bankruptcy that the modern agrarian rebellion is the legacy of Chiapan underdevelopment.

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60 The reparto had two faces. As it added to the size of established fincas and the ranchero class it also forced more villagers into more exploitative and less secure work such as migrant labor, indebted servitude, sharecropping, and baldiaje. Many villagers, whether through fraud or sale, never received plots or were unable to maintain possession of them. 61 Twenty-five years later Rabasa admitted that he had erred in permitting parcel holders to sell their plots. 62 Rabasa's educational program was both ambitious and realistic.

The state government built roads, constructed telegraph and telephone networks, reformed land tenure, constructed and staffed schools and a hospital, and attempted to reform labor practices. 39 40 The Porfirian regime attempted a conservative "revolution from above" to modernize Mexico. The State of Chiapas, in tune with the temper of the times but also driven by the demands of provincial elites, was one of the laboratories of modernization. Political centralization and economic development, one reinforcing the other, did accomplish much of what elite Chiapanecos wanted.

21 The transfer of the government strengthened Rabasa's position within his own administration but did little to rid him of the state's chief political problems, the caciques. Given the ability of the caciques Escobar and Grajales to disrupt his administration, Rabasa approached  < previous page  < previous page page_42 next page > page_43 next page > Page 43 this problem slowly and cautiously. The governor did, however, have DÃ−az's support and therefore the stronger position. " 22 Soon after taking office Rabasa established a state rural police force, the Seguridad Pública, dependent on the governor, to reduce banditry, quiet political troublemakers, and enforce decrees in remote parts.

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